My English word parts level is 4!

What does the level mean?

logo-121128You have good knowledge of English word parts. You know important word parts that appear in many words. You may have missed many word parts that are not used so often. Knowing these word parts will help you learn new words more effectively. Here is a list of word parts that you need to know to go to Level 5. (It would also be helpful to click on Levels 1-3 and check that you know all the word parts at those levels.)

Level 6

 
No. Word part Meaning Part of Speech Example 1 Example 2
1 mal- bad malfunction malnutrition
2 -atory Adjective preparatory exploratory
3 -esque Adjective picturesque statuesque
4 -ette small kitchenette cigarette
5 -i person/relating to Israeli Iraqi
6 -ite person Israelite socialite
7 -let small booklet droplet

Level 5

 
No. Word part Meaning Part of Speech Example 1 Example 2
1 a- toward Adverb ahead aside
2 arch- main archbishop arch-rival
3 bi- two biplane bilingual
4 -al Noun renewal arrival
5 -ant Adjective resultant expectant
6 -ar Adjective circular angular
7 -ent person/thing Noun president respondent
8 -ery Noun cookery robbery
9 -et small packet owlet
10 -fold times twofold threefold
11 -ling connected with weakling underling
12 -ory Adjective sensory contradictory
13 -some Adjective troublesome fearsome
14 -ways direction Adverb sideways lengthways
15 -wise direction Adverb clockwise stepwise

Level 4

 
No. Word part Meaning Part of Speech Example 1 Example 2
1 a- not atypical asexual
2 be- Verb belittle befriend
3 circum- around circumpolar circumnavigate
4 counter- opposite counteract counter-productive
5 ex- earlier ex-wife ex-member
6 ir- not irregular irrelevant
7 neo- new neo-classical neo-Gothic
8 sur- over surpass surreal
9 -ancy Noun expectancy consultancy
10 -ant person/thing Noun consultant servant
11 -ary Adjective imaginary momentary
12 -ary person/thing Noun secretary commentary
13 -ate Adjective passionate fortunate
14 -atic Adjective problematic systematic
15 -dom a state of freedom boredom
16 -en made of Adjective wooden golden
17 -en Verb harden deepen
18 -ess female actress princess
19 -hood a state of childhood motherhood
20 -ise Verb standardise finalise
21 -ly Adjective lively friendly
22 -most the furthest topmost uppermost
23 -ship a state of leadership friendship
24 -ster person youngster gangster
25 -ty Noun safety uncertainty
26 -ure Noun pressure failure
27 -ward direction Adverb northward backward
28 -y Adjective windy speedy
29 -y Noun difficulty honesty

Level 3

 
No. Word part Meaning Part of Speech Example 1 Example 2
1 ab- away from abuse abnormal
2 anti- against anti-social anti-government
3 auto- self autofocus autobiography
4 co- together co-worker co-exist
5 de- opposite decompose decode
6 em- Verb empower embody
7 en- Verb endanger enlarge
8 fore- in advance forewarn foresee
9 hyper- too much hypertension hyperactive
10 il- not illegal illogical
11 im- not impossible impersonal
12 in- not informal independent
13 inter- between international interface
14 micro- small microcomputer microfilm
15 mid- halfway midnight midsummer
16 mono- one monotone monoculture
17 multi- many multinational multicultural
18 post- after postwar postmodern
19 pre- before preheat pre-school
20 pro- supporting pro-Britain pro-life
21 semi- half semi-final semi-circle
22 sub- under subclass subsystem
23 super- beyond supernatural superhuman
24 trans- change transform transplant
25 uni- one unisex unicycle
26 -age Noun shortage coverage
27 -al Adjective personal relational
28 -an person/place European American
29 -ance Noun clearance allowance
30 -ate Verb activate formulate
31 -cy Noun bankruptcy accuracy
32 -ee person Noun trainee employee
33 -eer person mountaineer engineer
34 -ence Noun difference existence
35 -ency Noun tendency dependency
36 -ent Adjective different consistent
37 -ese person/relating to Japanese Vietnamese
38 -ian person/relating to musician Egyptian
39 -ible can be Adjective accessible convertible
40 -ic Adjective periodic heroic
41 -ify Verb classify simplify
42 -ion Noun discussion action
43 -ish Adjective childish foolish
44 -ition Noun addition opposition
45 -ity Noun publicity reality
46 -ive Verb active creative
47 -ize Adjective standardize finalize
48 -ness Noun kindness sickness
49 -or person/thing Noun collector governor
50 -ous Adjective dangerous continuous
51 -th Noun warmth growth

Level 2

 
No. Word part Meaning Part of Speech Example 1 Example 2
1 dis- not disappear disorder
2 mis- wrongly misjudge misunderstand
3 -ation Noun consideration limitation
4 -ful Adjective careful useful
5 -ful amount armful spoonful
6 -ism theory of Noun realism nationalism
7 -ist person Noun specialist artist
8 -ment Noun agreement movement

Level 1

 
No. Word part Meaning Part of Speech Example 1 Example 2
1 non- not non-smoker non-stop
2 re- again replay remake
3 un- not unhappy unlucky
4 -able can be Adjective readable touchable
5 -er person/thing Noun sender teacher
6 -less without Noun endless careless
7 -ly Adverb widely kindly
8 -th number fourth sixth

Why word parts?

Word part knowledge helps you learn many words. If you know the word happy and the word part un-, it is easy to learn the wordunhappy. Research has shown that word part knowledge relates to vocabulary size (how many words you know) (e.g., Mochizuki and Aizawa, 2000). It also relates to reading and spelling (e.g., Nagy, Berninger, & Abbott, 2006).

What word parts did this test measure?

This test has a total of 118 word parts and you took about two thirds of them. These word parts appear in more than one word in the most frequent 10,000 words in the British National Corpus (a 100 million word collection of English texts in written and spoken form).

Why did the test have three sections?

Knowing an English word part means more than knowing its meaning. Researchers (e.g., Nation, 2001) believe that in order to use your word part knowledge for guessing or learning words, you need to at least:

  1. recognise a word part in the word
  2. know the meaning of the word part
  3. know its function (i.e., part of speech)

Each section measured each aspect of word part knowledge: the Form section measured whether you could recognise the forms of word parts, the Meaning section measured your knowledge of their meanings, and the Use section measured your knowledge of their functions. For this reason, many word parts appeared more than once in different sections. Your level was estimated based on the scores from the three sections.


Notes:

  • These six levels are created based on data from 417 Japanese learners of English. Level 1 has the easiest word parts and Level 6 has the most difficult ones (Difficulty refers to item difficulty obtained from a Rasch analysis of the results collected from those learners). The order of difficulty may be different according to your first language.
  • These lists describe the typical meanings of word parts. Some word parts may have other meanings.

References:

Test taken in English Word Parts Test
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